DragonflyPix

Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus)

• English name: Small Pincertail
• German name: Kleine Zangenlibelle
• French name: Gomphe à forceps
• Dutch name: Kleine tanglibel
• Swedish name: Stentångtrollslända
• Norwegian name: Tang-elveøyenstikker
• Finnish name: Pihtijokikorento
• Danish name: Lille tangguldsmed
• Italian name: Gonfo forcipato
• Czech name: klínatka vidlitá
• Slovenian name: Bledi peščenec
• Bulgarian name: Щипесто цигулче

Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus)

Distribution map Onychogomphus forcipatus

Map data based on J.-P. Boudot & V. J. Kalkman (eds.),
Atlas of the European Dragonflies and Damselflies


General • a medium-sized black-and-yellow species which is fairly common throughout Europe except the British Isles and the far North
Classification • suborder: Anisoptera (dragonflies); family: Gomphidae
Scientific name Onychogomphus forcipatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Distribution • click or tap the Map button above
Notes • gomphids are 'sitters': they spend a lot of time perched on rocks and vegetation
Habitat • rocky streams and rivers, but sometimes also at lakes
Dimensions • typical body length: 46-50 mm; hindwing: 25-30 mm
Both sexesHead➤ like in all other gomphids, the eyes are widely separated
  • the eyes are typically grey-green
  ➤ there is a yellow bar on the black vortex
 Thorax➤ the black lines on the side of the thorax are thin and wavy, leaving a wide antehumeral stripe, and they usually meet the mid-dorsal black stripe
MaleAbdomen➤ there is a subterminal knob on the lower appendage
Photographs • many of our photos below were made in Italy and Spain and show the subspecies O. f. unguiculatus
  • those photos made in Turkey show the subspecies O. f. albotibialis

Line DrawingLineDrawing: the female's head, thorax and abdomen in lateral view.

Onychogomphus forcipatus (left) and O. uncatus (right)
In O. forcipatus note the yellow bar on the vortex and the two black shoulder stripes which are both connected to the mid-dorsal black stripe.

Onychogomphus forcipatus (left) and O. uncatus (right)
In O. uncatus the two black shoulder stripes are typically broad and parallel, while in O. forcipatus these stripes are thinner and wavier, and are both connected to the mid-dorsal black stripe.

Onychogomphus forcipatus (left) and O. uncatus (right)
The lower appendage bears a subterminal knob in O. forcipatus but not in O. uncatus.

Small Pincertail (Onychogomphus forcipatus)
Female head, thorax and abdomen in lateral view
Drawing by Ruth Ilka Nüß
© 2013 Lehmann & Nüß and DragonflyPix.com

Click on a thumbnail to display the photograph (at 1200 x 800 pixels) in a new window.

Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 1 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ♂

1 / 20; PhotoID: Dr001 16/08/2009 15:54 Italy F8 1/320 180mm ISO100 Canon50D -Crop -Flash MF
Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 2 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ♂

2 / 20; PhotoID: Dr002 12/06/2013 14:21 Turkey F8 1/500 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 3 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ♂

3 / 20; PhotoID: Dr005 12/08/2014 13:20 Italy F8 1/350 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 4 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ♂

4 / 20; PhotoID: Dr006 14/07/2016 12:26 Italy F8 1/80 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 5 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ♂

5 / 20; PhotoID: Dr119 18/07/2016 13:56 Italy F8 1/250 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 6 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ♂

6 / 20; PhotoID: Dr120 29/07/2016 12:00 Italy F8 1/400 150mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 7 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ♀

7 / 20; PhotoID: Dr131 09/09/2016 13:35 Italy F8 1/200 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 8 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ♂

8 / 20; PhotoID: Dr132 10/06/2015 15:11 Spain F8 1/640 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 9 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ♂

9 / 20; PhotoID: Dr133 29/08/2014 14:23 Italy F8 1/350 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 10 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ♂

10 / 20; PhotoID: Dr134 12/08/2014 14:14 Italy F8 1/350 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 11 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ♂

11 / 20; PhotoID: Dr137 16/07/2011 17:54 Italy F8 1/125 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 12 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ♂

12 / 20; PhotoID: Dr138 08/06/2013 13:04 Turkey F8 1/250 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 13 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ♀

13 / 20; PhotoID: Dr139 17/08/2016 12:26 Italy F8 1/250 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 14 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ♂

14 / 20; PhotoID: Dr140 14/07/2016 15:46 Italy F8 1/160 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 15 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ♂

15 / 20; PhotoID: Dr146 12/08/2014 15:01 Italy F8 1/500 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 16 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ♂

16 / 20; PhotoID: Dr185 13/06/2012 14:53 Spain F8 1/250 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 17 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ♂

17 / 20; PhotoID: Dr189 22/08/2014 13:29 Italy F8 1/500 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 18 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ♀

18 / 20; PhotoID: Dr238 09/07/2011 12:57 Spain F8 1/1000 180mm ISO400 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 19 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ♂

19 / 20; PhotoID: Dr239 18/07/2016 15:04 Italy F8 1/200 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Onychogomphus forcipatus, thumbnail 20 / 20
Gonfo forcipato (Onychogomphus forcipatus) ⚤

20 / 20; PhotoID: Dr296 03/07/2015 10:52 Greece F8 1/160 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF