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Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica)

• English name: Northern Emerald
• German name: Arktische Smaragdlibelle
• French name: Cordulie arctique
• Dutch name: Hoogveenglanslibel
• Swedish name: Mindre glanstrollslända
• Norwegian name: Myr-metalløyenstikker
• Finnish name: Hoikkakiiltokorento
• Danish name: Arktisk smaragdlibel
• Italian name: Smeralda artica
• Czech name: lesklice severská
• Slovenian name: Barjanski lesketnik
• Bulgarian name: Арктична зеленка

Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica)

Not present
Present before 1990
Present after 1990

Present before and after 1990
Present after 2015

Distribution map Somatochlora arctica

Map data based on J.-P. Boudot & V. J. Kalkman (eds.),
Atlas of the European Dragonflies and Damselflies


General • a very dark, metallic-green species of the far north and north-east; also occurs at altitude in central Europe
Classification • suborder: Anisoptera (dragonflies); family: Corduliidae
Conservation status • IUCN Red List Europe: Least Concern
Scientific name Somatochlora arctica (Zetterstedt, 1840)
Distribution • click or tap the Map button above
Notes ➤ noticeably smaller, darker and more slender than Somatochlora metallica
  • cordulids are 'fliers': they spend a lot of time on the wing and seldom hang up for a rest
Habitat • small bog pools and puddles
Dimensions • typical body length: 45-51 mm; hindwing: 28-35 mm
Both sexesHead• the eyes are green (brown in immature animals)
 Abdomen• the segment border between S2 and S3 bears a narrow yellow(ish) ring
  • S4-S10 are uniformly black (or very dark green)
MaleAbdomen➤ the upper appendages are calliper-shaped
FemaleAbdomen➤ S3 bears two large yellow patches
  • compared to S. alpestris and S. sahlbergi the abdomen is long and slender
Photographs • nearly all of our photos below were made in northern Italy and northern Finland

Line DrawingLineDrawing: the male's appendages in dorsal view.

Northern Emerald (Somatochlora arctica)
Male appendages in dorsal view
Drawing by Ruth Ilka Nüß
© 2013 Lehmann & Nüß and DragonflyPix.com

Click on a thumbnail to display the photograph (at 1200 x 800 pixels) in a new window.

Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 1 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ♀

1 / 20; PhotoID: Dr943 14/07/2017 13:31 Finland F8 1/500 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 2 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ♂

2 / 20; PhotoID: Dr944 15/07/2017 14:26 Finland F8 1/200 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 3 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ♀

3 / 20; PhotoID: Dr945 15/07/2017 15:06 Finland F8 1/200 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 4 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ♀

4 / 20; PhotoID: Dr946 16/07/2017 17:25 Finland F8 1/320 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 5 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ♂

5 / 20; PhotoID: Dr947 13/08/2016 14:17 Austria F8 1/250 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 6 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ♂

6 / 20; PhotoID: Dr948 22/08/2015 14:48 Italy F8 1/500 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 7 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ♂

7 / 20; PhotoID: Dr949 13/08/2012 14:21 Italy F8 1/200 180mm ISO400 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 8 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ♂

8 / 20; PhotoID: Dr950 22/08/2015 14:53 Italy F8 1/640 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 9 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ♀

9 / 20; PhotoID: Dr951 16/07/2017 17:30 Finland F8 1/500 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 10 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ♂

10 / 20; PhotoID: Dr952 19/08/2008 14:06 Italy F8 1/350 180mm ISO200 Canon40D -Crop -Flash MF
Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 11 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ♂

11 / 20; PhotoID: Dr953 13/08/2016 15:49 Austria F8 1/250 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 12 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ♀

12 / 20; PhotoID: Dr954 21/08/2015 15:37 Italy F8 1/250 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 13 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ♀

13 / 20; PhotoID: Dr955 17/07/2017 11:00 Finland F8 1/400 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 14 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ♂

14 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1620 17/07/2017 11:16 Finland F8 1/500 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 15 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ♂

15 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1621 17/07/2017 11:39 Finland F8 1/1000 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 16 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ♀

16 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1622 17/07/2017 13:07 Finland F8 1/160 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 17 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ⚤

17 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1623 21/08/2015 15:27 Italy F8 1/250 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 18 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ⚤

18 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1624 21/08/2015 15:29 Italy F8 1/320 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 19 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ♂

19 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1625 17/07/2017 13:11 Finland F8 1/320 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Somatochlora arctica, thumbnail 20 / 20
Арктична зеленка (Somatochlora arctica) ♂

20 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1626 17/07/2017 13:15 Finland F8 1/400 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF