DragonflyPix

Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis)

• Scientific name: Somatochlora meridionalis Nielsen, 1935
• English name: Balkan Emerald
• German name: Balkan-Smaragdlibelle
• French name: Cordulie méridionale
• Dutch name: Zuidelijke glanslibel
• Swedish name: N/A
• Norwegian name: N/A
• Finnish name: N/A
• Danish name: N/A
• Italian name: Smeralda meridionale
• Czech name: lesklice jižní
• Slovenian name: Sredozemski lesketnik
• Bulgarian name: Речна зеленка
• Typical length: 50-55 mm
• Hindwing: 34-38 mm

Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis)

Distribution map

Map data based on J.-P. Boudot & V. J. Kalkman (eds.),
Atlas of the European Dragonflies and Damselflies

The Balkan Emerald replaces its virtually identical stable mate the Brilliant Emerald in Central Italy, the Balkans and Greece. It's a medium-sized dragonfly. In terms of its size, shape, colour and behaviour, it's practically indistinguishable from its more common congener, so for a positive ID one really needs to be lucky enough to get a close-up view. Having said that, Somatochlora meridionalis seems to have a very clear preference for running waters, unlike S. metallica, which seems a little less fussy and can be readily found at still waters too. So far we've found this species at three nearby sites but have never seen more than two individuals together. [Update: In July 2011 we found a site where the species is reasonably numerous, with up to a dozen individuals on the wing. And then in August 2016 we found another site with a reasonably numerous population.] The species' only distinguishing feature (i.e. to distinguish it from S. metallica) is a single, yellow spot on the side of the thorax.

Line DrawingLineDrawing: the male's abdomen in dorsal view, and the female's head, thorax and abdomen in lateral view.

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11 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1584 13/07/2011 14:21 Italy F6.3 1/125 180mm ISO800 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
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