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Citrine Threadtail (Nososticta koongarra)

The Citrine Threadtail (Nososticta koongarra) is a damselfly species of the family Disparoneurinae, which contains 12 species in Australia.

The identification key to the family Disparoneurinae consists of 23 couplets, 11 of which are pertinent to Nososticta koongarra. Click on the numbers on the right to display the corresponding couplets. Or click on the ALLin1 button to see all the relevant couplets together in a single, scrollable window.

#FamilySpeciesCouplet No.
 DisparoneurinaeCitrine Threadtail
(Nososticta koongarra)
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 2 of 23

  • ○ Wing membrane hyaline or yellow
  • b ↑
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 4 of 23

  • ○ Antehumeral stripes ochraceus, with whitish, pale green or blue
  • b ↑
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 6 of 23

  • ○ Abdominal tergum 5 with at most narrow basal spot or spots occupying 10% or less the length of the tergum, tergum 8 pale only along lateral margin
  • b ↑
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 7 of 23

  • couplet drawing
  • ● Small ferruginous spot, or no pale mark, beside each lateral ocellus
  • b ↑
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 8 of 23

  • couplet drawing
    couplet drawingcouplet drawing
  • ● Postclypeus blue, or blue and black
    ● Genae substantially blue
    ● Antehumeral stripes each occupying almost half the width of mesanepisternum, or more, narrowing above
  • b ↑
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 9 of 23

  • couplet drawing
  • ● Antehumeral stripes bright blue, occupying most of mesanepisterna, their inner margins straight, separated in midline by much less than half the maximum width of stripe

    ⇒ species: Citrine Threadtail (Nososticta koongarra)
  • a ↑
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 13 of 23

  • couplet drawingcouplet drawing
    couplet drawing
    couplet drawingcouplet drawing
  • ● Posterior lobe of pronotum not scoop-shaped
    ● Apex, if defined, protuberant from lateral contour of lobe
  • b ↑
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 18 of 23

  • couplet drawingcouplet drawingcouplet drawing
  • ● Posterior lobe of pronotum with well-defined apex, bearing blunt to finger-like or subtriangular projection
  • a ↑
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 19 of 23

  • couplet drawing
  • ● Projection of apex of posterior lobe of pronotum blunt to finger-like
  • b ↑
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 20 of 23

  • couplet drawing
  • ● Black band extending across gena from anterior mandibular articulation to, or almost to, eye, sometimes contiguous with black lower margin of gena
  • b ↑
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 21 of 23

  • couplet drawing
  • ● Antehumeral stripes broad, separated from lower end of dorsal carina by approximately their own width at that level

    ⇒ species: Citrine Threadtail (Nososticta koongarra)
  • b ↑
1 Male only
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 2 of 23

  • ○ Central portion of the wings with brown to black markings
a ↑
b ↓
  • ○ Wing membrane hyaline or yellow

2 Male only
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 4 of 23

  • ○ Antehumeral stripes bright orange
a ↑
b ↓
  • ○ Antehumeral stripes ochraceus, with whitish, pale green or blue

3 Male only
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 6 of 23

  • ○ Abdominal terga 5 and 8 with substantial basal green to yellowish marks, that on segment 8 occupying approximately half the tergum

    ⇒ species: Fivespot Threadtail (Nososticta solitaria)
a ↑
b ↓
  • ○ Abdominal tergum 5 with at most narrow basal spot or spots occupying 10% or less the length of the tergum, tergum 8 pale only along lateral margin

4 Male only
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 7 of 23

  • couplet drawing
  • ● Broad oval greenish to whitish spot beside each lateral ocellus
    ○ Antehumeral stripes pale green

    ⇒ species: Malachite Threadtail (Nososticta liveringa)
a ↑
b ↓
  • couplet drawing
  • ● Small ferruginous spot, or no pale mark, beside each lateral ocellus

5 Male only
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 8 of 23

  • couplet drawing
    couplet drawingcouplet drawing
  • ● Postclypeus black, genae substantially to entirely black
    ● Antehumeral stripes ochreous to greenish blue, narrow, parallel-sided or slightly widened above, sometimes short, truncate

    ⇒ species: Northern Threadtail (Nososticta fraterna)
a ↑
b ↓
  • couplet drawing
    couplet drawingcouplet drawing
  • ● Postclypeus blue, or blue and black
    ● Genae substantially blue
    ● Antehumeral stripes each occupying almost half the width of mesanepisternum, or more, narrowing above

6 Male only
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 9 of 23

  • couplet drawing
  • ● Antehumeral stripes bright blue, occupying most of mesanepisterna, their inner margins straight, separated in midline by much less than half the maximum width of stripe

    ⇒ species: Citrine Threadtail (Nososticta koongarra)
a ↑
b ↓
  • couplet drawing
  • ● Antehumeral stripes greenish blue or blue, inner margins straight or concave, separated in midline by half or more of the maximum width of stripe

7 Female only
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 13 of 23

  • couplet drawing
    couplet drawingcouplet drawing
    couplet drawingcouplet drawing
  • ● Posterior lobe of pronotum reflexed, scoop-shaped, strongly concave above, uniformly rounded to subtriangular with rounded apex
a ↑
b ↓
  • couplet drawingcouplet drawing
    couplet drawing
    couplet drawingcouplet drawing
  • ● Posterior lobe of pronotum not scoop-shaped
    ● Apex, if defined, protuberant from lateral contour of lobe

8 Female only
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 18 of 23

  • couplet drawingcouplet drawingcouplet drawing
  • ● Posterior lobe of pronotum with well-defined apex, bearing blunt to finger-like or subtriangular projection
a ↑
b ↓
  • couplet drawingcouplet drawing
  • ● Posterior lobe of pronotum without well-defined apex

9 Female only
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 19 of 23

  • couplet drawing
  • ● Projection of apex of posterior lobe of pronotum subtriangular

    ⇒ species: Striped Threadtail (Nososticta mouldsi)
a ↑
b ↓
  • couplet drawing
  • ● Projection of apex of posterior lobe of pronotum blunt to finger-like

10 Female only
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 20 of 23

  • couplet drawing
  • ● Gena pale at anterior (upper) mandibular articulation

    ⇒ species: Melville Island Threadtail (Nososticta taracumbi)
a ↑
b ↓
  • couplet drawing
  • ● Black band extending across gena from anterior mandibular articulation to, or almost to, eye, sometimes contiguous with black lower margin of gena

11 Female only
  • Disparoneurinae: Key couplet 21 of 23

  • couplet drawing
  • ● Antehumeral stripes narrow, separated from lower end of dorsal carina by approximately three times their width at that level

    ⇒ species: Black-Winged Threadtail (Nososticta baroalba)
a ↑
b ↓
  • couplet drawing
  • ● Antehumeral stripes broad, separated from lower end of dorsal carina by approximately their own width at that level

    ⇒ species: Citrine Threadtail (Nososticta koongarra)

Australian distribution