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Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum)

• English name: Spearhead Bluet
• German name: Speer-Azurjungfer
• French name: Agrion à fer de lance
• Dutch name: Speerwaterjuffer
• Swedish name: Spjutflickslända
• Norwegian name: Vanlig blåvannymfe
• Finnish name: Keihästytönkorento
• Danish name: Spyd-vandnymfe
• Italian name: Azzurrina alpina
• Czech name: šidélko kopovité
• Slovenian name: Barjanski škratec
• Bulgarian name: Торфено пъстриче

Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum)

Not present
Present before 1990
Present after 1990

Present before and after 1990
Present after 2015

Distribution map Coenagrion hastulatum

Map data based on J.-P. Boudot & V. J. Kalkman (eds.),
Atlas of the European Dragonflies and Damselflies


General • a small species which occurs in central and (north-)eastern Europe
Classification • suborder: Zygoptera (damselflies); family: Coenagrionidae
Conservation status • IUCN Red List Europe: Least Concern
Scientific name Coenagrion hastulatum (Charpentier, 1825)
Distribution • click or tap the Map button above
Notes • similar to C. lunulatum
Habitat • well-vegetated ponds and lakes, especially with acidic water
Dimensions • typical body length: 31-33 mm; hindwing: 16-22 mm
Both sexesHead➤ the underside of the eyes is green
 Wings• the pterostigma is uniformly dark grey to black
MaleHead➤ the postocular spots are connected by a sky-blue line; by contrast, male C. lunulatum lacks such a line
 Abdomen➤ the black mark on S2 resembles a spearhead
FemaleThorax• the thorax is black and green
  • the hind margin of the pronotum is V-shaped with a tiny lobe in the middle; see also the LineDrawing below
 Abdomen➤ the top of the abdomen is all black
Photographs • most of our photos below were made in Austria and Bavaria

Line DrawingLineDrawing: the female's pronotum in dorsal and lateral view.

Coenagrion hastulatum; head
Note: By contrast, in males of the similar-looking C. lunulatum the postocular spots are unconnected.

Twelve Coenagrion species; pronotum, female
Note: In C. hastulatum the hind margin of the pronotum is V-shaped with a tiny lobe in the middle.

Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum)
Female pronotum in dorsal and lateral view
Drawing by Ruth Ilka Nüß
© 2017 Lehmann & Nüß and DragonflyPix.com

Click on a thumbnail to display the photograph (at 1200 x 800 pixels) in a new window.

Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 1 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ♂

1 / 20; PhotoID: Da510 15/06/2018 12:08 Austria F10 1/320 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 2 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ♂

2 / 20; PhotoID: Da511 24/06/2014 14:04 Austria F8 1/60 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 3 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ♂

3 / 20; PhotoID: Da512 24/06/2014 14:19 Austria F8 1/180 180mm ISO400 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 4 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ♂

4 / 20; PhotoID: Da513 15/06/2018 14:06 Austria F8 1/125 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 5 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ♂

5 / 20; PhotoID: Da518 24/06/2014 14:21 Austria F8 1/90 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 6 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ♂

6 / 20; PhotoID: Da525 24/06/2014 14:33 Austria F8 1/90 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 7 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ♂

7 / 20; PhotoID: Da526 17/06/2011 15:55 Austria F8 1/160 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 8 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ♂

8 / 20; PhotoID: Da527 20/06/2016 11:54 Sweden F8 1/60 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 9 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ♀

9 / 20; PhotoID: Da535 15/06/2018 10:34 Austria F8 1/640 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 10 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ♂

10 / 20; PhotoID: Da536 24/06/2014 15:09 Austria F8 1/60 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 11 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ♂

11 / 20; PhotoID: Da558 16/06/2007 09:15 Germany F5.6 1/50 180mm ISO200 Canon30D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 12 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ♀

12 / 20; PhotoID: Da559 15/06/2018 12:25 Austria F8 1/400 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 13 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ⚤

13 / 20; PhotoID: Da564 16/06/2007 11:17 Germany F5.6 1/250 180mm ISO200 Canon30D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 14 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ♀

14 / 20; PhotoID: Da565 17/06/2011 16:35 Austria F8 1/320 180mm ISO400 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 15 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ♀

15 / 20; PhotoID: Da566 15/06/2018 12:51 Austria F8 1/200 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 16 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ♀

16 / 20; PhotoID: Da567 18/06/2016 10:09 Sweden F8 1/60 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 17 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ♀

17 / 20; PhotoID: Da570 16/06/2007 12:32 Germany F5.6 1/80 180mm ISO100 Canon30D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 18 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ♂

18 / 20; PhotoID: Da573 20/07/2017 13:20 Finland F8 1/100 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 19 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ♂

19 / 20; PhotoID: Da576 25/06/2014 14:50 Austria F8 1/250 180mm ISO400 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion hastulatum, thumbnail 20 / 20
Spearhead Bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) ♂

20 / 20; PhotoID: Da580 20/07/2010 14:22 Finland F8 1/30 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF