DragonflyPix

Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis)

• English name: Balkan Emerald
• German name: Balkan-Smaragdlibelle
• French name: Cordulie méridionale
• Dutch name: Zuidelijke glanslibel
• Swedish name: N/A
• Norwegian name: N/A
• Finnish name: N/A
• Danish name: N/A
• Italian name: Smeralda meridionale
• Czech name: lesklice jižní
• Slovenian name: Sredozemski lesketnik
• Bulgarian name: Речна зеленка

Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis)

Not present
Present before 1990
Present after 1990

Present before and after 1990
Present after 2015

Distribution map Somatochlora meridionalis

Map data based on J.-P. Boudot & V. J. Kalkman (eds.),
Atlas of the European Dragonflies and Damselflies


General ➤ a fairly large, metallic-green species which occurs only in the south-east
Classification • suborder: Anisoptera (dragonflies); family: Corduliidae
Conservation status • IUCN Red List Europe: Least Concern
Scientific name Somatochlora meridionalis Nielsen, 1935
Distribution • click or tap the Map button above
Notes • very similar to Somatochlora metallica but the two species rarely co-occur
  • cordulids are 'fliers': they spend a lot of time on the wing and seldom hang up for a rest
Habitat • shaded rivers and streams which, in summer, may be reduced to a trickle-connected chain of pools
Dimensions • typical body length: 50-55 mm; hindwing: 34-38 mm
Both sexesHead• the eyes are green (brown in immature animals)
 Thorax➤ the thorax is metallic green with bronze-brown reflections and with a yellow spot on the side
 Abdomen• the abdomen is fairly uniformly metallic green
  • the abdomen is not very club-shaped
 Wings➤ the wings do not have orange patches at the base
FemaleAbdomen➤ the abdomen bears a long vulvar scale
Photographs • nearly all of our photos below were made in Tuscany

Line DrawingLineDrawing: the male's abdomen in dorsal view, and the female's head, thorax and abdomen in lateral view.

Cordulia aenea (left), Somatochlora metallica (centre) and S. meridionalis (right); vulvar scale
Note: In S. meridionalis the vulvar scale is very long and sits perpendicular to the abdomen.

Somatochlora metallica (left) and S. meridionalis (right); thorax
Note: In S. meridionalis the thorax bears a yellow spot.

Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis)
Male abdomen in dorsal view
Drawing by Ruth Ilka Nüß
© 2013 Lehmann & Nüß and DragonflyPix.com

Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis)
Female head, thorax and abdomen in lateral view
Drawing by Ruth Ilka Nüß
© 2013 Lehmann & Nüß and DragonflyPix.com

Click on a thumbnail to display the photograph (at 1200 x 800 pixels) in a new window.

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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ♂

1 / 20; PhotoID: Dr233 05/08/2017 10:22 Italy F8 1/5 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ♂

2 / 20; PhotoID: Dr234 05/08/2017 10:35 Italy F8 1/8 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ♂

3 / 20; PhotoID: Dr667 06/07/2017 17:07 Italy F8 1/25 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ♂

4 / 20; PhotoID: Dr668 03/08/2017 16:15 Italy F8 1/10 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ♂

5 / 20; PhotoID: Dr669 22/08/2016 16:33 Italy F7.1 1/400 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ♀

6 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1539 05/08/2017 11:53 Italy F8 1/12 180mm ISO800 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ♀

7 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1540 01/09/2010 14:43 Italy F8 1/400 180mm ISO400 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ♀

8 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1541 01/09/2010 14:43 Italy F8 1/400 180mm ISO400 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ♂

9 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1582 05/08/2017 10:45 Italy F8 1/6 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ♂

10 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1583 23/08/2016 14:12 Italy F8 1/160 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ⚤

11 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1584 03/08/2017 14:34 Italy F8 1/50 180mm ISO800 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ⚤

12 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1585 05/08/2017 13:07 Italy F8 1/25 180mm ISO800 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ⚤

13 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1586 03/08/2017 15:16 Italy F8 1/80 180mm ISO1600 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ♂

14 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1587 20/08/2016 12:19 Italy F8 1/320 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ♂

15 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1588 27/08/2016 16:49 Italy F8 1/125 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ♂

16 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1589 30/08/2016 15:04 Italy F8 1/250 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ♂

17 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1590 05/08/2017 10:59 Italy F8 1/25 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ♂

18 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1591 03/08/2017 16:30 Italy F8 1/10 180mm ISO800 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ♂

19 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1592 28/08/2016 15:05 Italy F8 1/400 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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Balkan Emerald (Somatochlora meridionalis) ⚤

20 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1593 05/08/2017 13:13 Italy F8 1/25 180mm ISO800 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF